Mysids

Mysids

Crustaceans Mysida The mysids are similar to krill or small shrimps or in appearance and size, but are only distantly related to them. The main thing that sets them apart is some kind of pouch under the female body where they store the eggs. In zooplankton samples,...
Norway lobster

Norway lobster

Invertebrates Nephrops norvegicus This species is also frequently called nephrops lobster and sometimes also langoustine or scampi. Distribution This lobster is widespread in the northeast Atlantic, from the mid part of Norway and south into the Mediterranean Sea. In...
Barnacles

Barnacles

Crustaceans Cirripedia Only one group of crustaceans are sessile, the barnacles. Their appearance is so special that many people do not realize that they are crustaceans. Because they make shells, many people rather associate them with the totally unrelated molluscs....
Polar shrimp

Polar shrimp

Invertebrates Lebbeus polaris The polar shrimp is one of many shrimp species that thrive in ​​Icelandic waters. It is not harvested as the cold-water prawns, but some will say it is more beautiful. As the name implies, the polar shrimp prefers cold seas, so it is...
Scuds

Scuds

Invertebrates Amphipda The scuds are probably the best known and the most common crustaceans from the seashore. If rocks or pebbles are overturned, beach fleas (Gammarus spp.) can been seen wriggling around. Many species of scuds are known from all depths in Icelandic...
Hermit crabs

Hermit crabs

Crustaceans Paguroidea In contrast to most other crustaceans, hermit crabs have a soft and delicate body. In order to protect themselves from enemies, they live in empty snail shells they carry with them. It was believed that hermit crabs did not kill the snail to get...
Spider crabs

Spider crabs

Invertebrates Hyas spp. The most common crabs in Iceland are the lesser spider crab (Hyas coarctatus) and the great spider crab (Hyas araneus). They are very similar in appearance, but the larger one will be much larger as the name suggests (most, if not all of the...
European green crab

European green crab

Invertebrates Carcinus maenas The European green crab is a small, usually greenish, crab species that is common in Icelandic waters. It is particularly common along the warmer south coast of Iceland, but has also recently been found in colder seas on the north coast....
Squat lobsters

Squat lobsters

Invertebrates Munididae The squat lobsters are related to hermit crabs but have a hard shell and do not need an empty snail shell for cover. The squat lobsters look a bit like lobsters but are much smaller. Squat lobsters are common on hard bottoms all around Iceland....
Cold-water prawns

Cold-water prawns

Invertebrates Pandalus spp. Many shrimp (or prawn) species are found aound Iceland, but only one is fished, the northern prawn (Pandalus borealis). However, its smaller cousin, the Aesop prawn (Pandalus montagui) seen here is sometimes a by-catch. The Aesop prawn is...
Isopods

Isopods

Invertebrates Isopoda Isopods are similar in size as related amphipods. The groups, however, can be distinguished by the fact that amphipods are usually tall and narrow (except for the skeleton shrimps) but the isopods are usually low and wide. Isopods can be found...
Skeleton shrimps

Skeleton shrimps

Invertebrates Caprellidae Sandhoppers (order amphiopoda) are probably the most well-known and also the most common crustaceans from the seaashore. If rocks are turned and kelp shaken sandhoppers can be seen hopping around. The most peculiar type is probably the...

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